Saturday, August 1, 2020

Space1 Waiting for Rocket Season

Space1 Waiting for Rocket Season

Space1 is waiting for rocket season with a fleet of Super rockets on standby. Weather is gradually clearing but temperatures are still too hot to conduct safe operations.

Wednesday, July 8, 2020

SPACE1 Mars Support for SpaceX

SPACE1 Mars Support for SpaceX

SPACE1 has continued Mars support for SpaceX landing on Mars. This includes the half century database creation of global Mars Cartography; a mapping, survey and climatology project depicting the global planet Mars from a wide seasonal perspective. This will lead to better understanding of seasonal Martian variations in weather climatology, conducive for missions to Mars and settlements on the red planet.

Wednesday, July 1, 2020

Space Astro Blog

Testing many stacked focal reducers on large SCT telescopes
is one project being addressed at the Astro Blog.
The new
Space Astro Blog is now up and ready!

Space Astro Blog

TAIWAN: Welcome to the intro of my new AstroImaging blogger, designed to cover the wondrous worlds of space, telescopes, equipment, celestial imaging and the techniques needed to coax interesting things from the night sky. The blog site will supplement and contribute to the SPACE1 web presence at

Thursday, May 14, 2020

New Astro Blog

Astro Blog will detail the use of these two telescopes, a 9.25" and 14"
EdgeHD from Celestron.
Coming Soon! New Astro Blog

The exciting new future dedicated Astro blog is where you can partake in exciting astro details, projects and experiments!

Astro blog will include new ideas and techniques, observatory and equipment details for astro imaging the Moon, planets and/or deep sky objects. One major focus will include the penetration of clouds, less than ideal seeing conditions, and light pollution,. This includes increasing the quality of results and data obtained through smog, fog, haze, thin clouds, chemical air pollution, and minimizing or eliminating specific lighting such as LED, mercury vapor and sodium. The blog page may also include telescope, accessory and equipment reviews and hidden details revealed on the best astro deals worldwide. Astro blog may show results and details of what can be accomplished in the heart of the inner city when imaging through bright Bortle 9 skies with the highest levels of light pollution. Some interesting questions may include how to pole align when the North is blocked, and how to star calibrate the telescope when no stars are visible.

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Space1 Tent Observatory

The new tent observatory houses telescopes as large as a Celestron C14 Edge HD with a massive
CGX/L mounting and tripod. During days and nights, can be lifted up and off the telescope during
observing or the telescope can aim out the large roll-up zippered door. Photo shows the large size
with a 150 x 150 cm base and rose red color. The author is using the slightly thicker 190T blue
synthetic polyester 120 x 120 cm base which comfortably fits on a tiled floor of a high rise balcony
befit with a balustrade. Tie down straps are routed to the steel balustrade and piping.
Space1 & Singularity Observatory
New Tent Observatory
testing a new portable tent observatory for telescopes

During the heat of the day, the roof opens up
with semi-circular window to release heat. At
night, it helps to reach telescope thermal
equilibrium faster.
by Humanoido

Part of an ongoing expansion to the Singularity Observatory division of SPACE1 is a new tent observatory.

Sold at camping and sporting goods stores, the Singularity Observatory Tent Observatory SOTO is portable, opening up into a full observatory from a simple flexible folding steel pole that folds down after use.
About 5lbs, the portable tent observatory has a
flexible steel rod than folds up into a circle that
may fit under the arm.

The tent holds or covers one telescope as measured for a full size Celestron C14-inch Edge HD OTA, which is 31-inches long, with a massive CGX/L equatorial mount and the largest Celestron tripod offered for this OTA. An even better fit is the Celestron 9.25-inch Edge HD with a 22-inch long OTA or other SCT. Remember to measure the mount counterweight when calculating size fit.
Remember to order the tent with the higher door, like the
two shown on the left. This will allow the telescope to
reach higher elevations when observing from inside the
The tent is waterproof and has UV inhibitors for resistance to the sun. The tent is available in two sizes, small 120 x 120 x 190 and large 150 x 150 x 190 cm and is offered with different colors (camouflage, army green, orange, red, rose red, sapphire blue, luxury gold). The interior has a pouch which can be used like a small shelf for small lightweight telescope accessories. A strap near the top is ideal for hanging items, in particular a long flat lightweight poly pockets unit could be purchased extra and hold astro accessories.

Originating from a camping sports company in Shanghai, China, the best part is the price - available for as low as US $16 online from AliExpress in China (before shipping). I had mine net ordered and couriered to a location in Shanghai, then hand delivered to me. Shipments to the USA could incur freight charges as high as $150 so shop around for a good carrier.

Made of 190T synthetic polyester, the weight is only 2.1 to 2.5 kgs (4.6 to 5.5 lbs) and one hand can move and position it. It has sewn in loops for attaching clips that can lead to tie down ropes, and a zippered door and windows. I prefer to use metal luggage clips for rapidly tying down and releasing the tent. Check with catalog listings as some tent colors are made from thicker weight material, such as blue sapphire. The large door opening can roll up and fasten with straps.

For use, the entire lightweight tent easily lifts up and off of the telescope as the bottom of the tent is open. After an observing session, just set the tent over the telescope and clip it down. The tent is lightweight and ideal for use on a deck. Depending on weather conditions, keeping it over the telescope is also a solution that could last several months. At the low $16 cost of the tent, it could easily be replaced every season.

Quick Covering
One use is as a telescope covering during a fast rain. Just quickly set the fully set up tent observatory over the telescope for protection.

Maintains Polar Alignment
Another use is to keep the telescope outdoors and covered after its aligned to the pole and star calibrated for precision GOTO.

Remote Imaging
The tent observatory polyester covering is transparent to WiFi signals so its ideal for remote imaging.

Good for Breaks
It also helps when using a telescope setup and you want to take a break at 4 am but don't want the telescope exposed to the weather. The tent is very handy to protect the setup throughout the night, when going inside for a quick nap, pause, cup of coffee, or intermittent breaks from observing.

Ideal for High Rise Balcony
A balcony may have a weight limit, as it hangs over the side of the building. After the weight of the telescope, a very light weight observatory covering is useful and necessary The light weight of only 5 lbs makes it ideal for setup on a highrise balcony and does not add any appreciable weight.

Observing from Inside the Observatory
Of course, if the object observed is visible through the opening, the tent observatory can provide a good sheltered place shielded from lights and wind.

Astro Imaging
It can also offer a suitable solution for astro imaging and remote control. It can make more nights usable for imaging by protecting against a strong breeze.

Daytime Shield
During the day, it will shield the telescope from the hot direct sunlight. The tent observatory will shield against sun, rain, wind, dust, lights and birds.

High Wind 
For those rare high wind events, typhoon or hurricanes, just fold the tent and bring it indoors with the telescope.

Observatory Door
The large zippered front door can be used like the bi-parting shutter doors on an observatory dome. It can partially open by folding over to one side the desired amount - good for stopping a wind or breeze. The door does not reach the zenith overhead, but this is ok on a deck with a partial roof. As the telescope is set closest to the front door, it has the largest viewpoint.

No Construction
No need to build this observatory - it comes ready to pop open instantly and assume its natural form. No tools needed.

Instant Setup & Takedown
No need to thread flexible supports and pipes like other tents. This tent is already constructed with built in flexible supports that "pop open" and just fold it to compress it down into its carry bag.

The tent observatory is ideal for a portable rig. It weighs almost nothing and sets flat when folded. Just fold up the tent and put it in the car along with the telescope and gear.

Fast Deployment
At the field site, it instantly pops open without any complicated assembly. No need to waste precious imaging time with rotating domes, opening bi-parting shutters, using motor drives or rolling off roofs.

The observatory has good ventilation as it can be regulated with the open bottom (no floor) or the window hatches at the top and side.

The tent does not secure items inside from theft so it must be kept in a secured location or have eyes on it at all times. However, this may not be much of a problem for a secured balcony a thousand feet high off the side of a skyscraper. The tent is not permanent and not designed for high wind, but given  proper care it could potentially last years.

Wednesday, April 29, 2020

Singularity Observatory Telescope 3

Singularity Observatory Telescope 3 Now Cancelled
Companies refusing to deliver telescope parts to the Pacific Ocean Volcanic Archipelagos and gradient due to the covid-19 virus pandemic resulted in cancellation of Telescope Number Three

Singularity Observatory will now focus on upgrading the second largest amped telescope in the world. As skies are moving into the exceptionally clear sky time period, all focus is on preparing the telescopes for the season. Telescopes are being equipped with new accessories astronomical study, research, and imaging, for deep sky, planets, moons, asteroids, comets, and other phenomena.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Roof Top Observatory

Hoisting the dome by crane was a three person operation. One person operated the
construction crane and two helped guide the dome down onto its observatory trucks. The
entire operation went smoothly and the dome mated perfectly with the track. In the final
analysis, the dome was built by the author with a roundness accuracy of +- 1/8th inch to
its three meter diameter.
Roof Top Astronomical Observatory
Spectacular garage-top observatory

Authored by Humanoido

Humanoido worked eighteen years developing, constructing, and perfecting performance of this fantastic award winning, and claimed by many to be far ahead of its time, computerized rooftop observatory

Ahead of its time: the observatory was far ahead of its time in the 1970s with many new inventions not commercially available at that time, such as a microcomputer, computerized mirror grinding machine, video image processor machine, special 40-inch telescope with servo figured primary, talking and listening speech observatory system, optoelectronics interface, OPTICS language, observatory robot droid, Thermodynamic Equalizer, the first GOTO celestial objects system, observatory HVAC, virtual cooling CCD, interlocking dome and track, the first cyber space robotic telescope, large lenseless Schmidt, infinite rate VFO...

(1) 30mm Refractor
(1) 4.25-inch diameter RFT Space Telescope
(1) 4.25-inch f/11 Newtonian Reflector
(1) 8-inch f/2 Lensless Schmidt Camera
(2) 8-inch f/6 Newtonian
(2) 12.5-inch f6.3 Newtonian Reflector
(1) 40-inch Newtonian with plate glass primary
(2) 50-inch Newtonian (aluminized polymer primary)

The biparting shutter doors were opened and four ropes
were attached to wood flanks on the dome's indoor side

partition. This was connected to the crane for lifting and
supported the dome's tonnage with perfect balance.
Largest Telescopes in the World
It was practically effortless to lift the dome up onto the
observatory using this massive crane. The crane operator
said he had lifted some unusual things in his career, like a
horse, but never an observatory dome.
The first telescope systems
design program executed in
BASIC and included many
telescope subroutines, like the

one shown above, that
helped in designing the 40"
diameter reflector telescope.

In the example sub code, a
multiple mirror telescope
MMT was considered.
It took 10 years to build the 40-inch telescope. At the time, the 40-inch telescope was the largest amateur size telescope in the world. The 40-inch was constructed from a large round of fine annealed Belgian plate glass. It was ground and polished on both sides.

The mirror mount was made from plywood with 144 computer controlled servos to figure the telescope objective shape during observing through machine induced flexure.

The mount for the massive telescope was disguised by building it into an outdoor backyard storage shed. The completed 40-inch telescope was valued at 1.2 million dollars.

Telescope Systems Design Program
A computer program was written on the 1802 microcomputer to design the 40-inch reflector telescope and diagonal. The program also determined the height to the ocular and many other parameters. Using the program, it was decided to figure the main objective electronically during observing by the use of homemade servos. Whenever a new computer was added, the program was rewritten and updated to the new language.

The observatory robot droid was
programmed to assist during
telescope operations. It could
speak, understand speech, move
around, detect smoke, and see in
total darkness.
Mirror Grinding Machine
To help grind and polish such large heavy telescope mirrors, a mirror grinding machine was computer designed and built using the 1802 computer. Built from scavenged parts, it included a 6-foot long solid wood house door, a tangent arm from a house beam, belts and pulleys from the surplus center, ball bearings from slingshot steel balls, timing cycles was on the embedded kitchen clock, and the motor from the family washing machine produced the reciprocating power. It could handle small eyepiece lenses on specific spindles or primary mirrors up to 40-inches in diameter at the core platform.

Mirror Grinding Room
For housing the mirror grinding machine in pristine conditions, a special mirror grinding clean room was constructed on the south wing.

Photographic Darkroom
Adjacent was a photographic darkroom for developing film, spectroscopic emulsions, designing developers, and printing images with a photographic enlarger, print paper and mixed chemicals.

Observatory Dome
The author designed and built the telescope dome with trigonometry and calculus. A double size garage was built onto the house as a work room. Construction first proceeded on the dome outside in warm weather, then was moved inside the new garage when weather turned cold and it snowed. A propane heater helped extend the project to 3 months. Humanoido built the two ton 3-meter observatory telescope dome with bi-parting shutter doors using metal garage track wheels, during his lunch breaks and in his spare time after work hours. Upon completion, small diameter long steel rod/pipes were used as rollers to transport the dome out of the garage in preparation of hoisting up onto the roof. The rollers worked so well that the dome started to pick up speed moving down the driveway. Running to the opposite side forced the dome from moving out into the line of street traffic! The dome was valued at $50,000 by astronomical sources.

Dome Drive
A special order expensive industrial AC motor was phase wired and set up with a machined keyed drive wheel in the ratio of 144:1 to move a precision welded circular steel track 360 continuous degrees. A controller was computer designed and built with electronics and high powered electromechanical relays and an HVAC unit for forward and reverse direction ability.

Precision Dome Support
Large custom support trucks were constructed from 1/4-inch welded steel plate with adjustable steel wheels. Four such units were equidistant placed and contained 32,000 pound lockdown chains each.

The Optoelectronic Interface
To send signals across the observatory, Humanoido invented the the world's first astronomical Optoelectronic Interface. Light waves were sent across rooms to communicate with the observatory computer and control the HVAC system.

Optics Language
The author invented a new computer language named OPTICS that could communicate across space and time with invisible optical components at the speed of light. This eliminated the need for bulky wires and cables and prevented any power line fluctuations and HVAC voltage spikes from getting into the system.

Telescope Pier
The massive solid stationary telescope pier began 9-feet underground and extended upwards 22 feet high. With an 8-inch diameter cast pipe in the center, it weighed 28,000 pounds and was constructed from steel, cement, rebar, and wire mesh. With thousands of pounds PSI, it was poured in three massive interlocking sections with thick 3/4" plywood forms reinforced with multiple long threaded rod bolts. Engineers estimated the telescope monolithic pier would survive a nuclear blast.

As the Observatory evolved, at least five computers were added to the systems. At first, the homebuilt 1802 computer was the mainstay for power programs to design the telescopes and do complex engineering. A Z80 was in charge of mobile robotic control and the Intel PC became part of the telescope sky celestial object positioning system. The 6502 did image and data processing and hosted the VIP Video Image Processor. The model I level II was allocated to the first AI speech recognition, speech synthesis and HVAC (High Voltage AC Controller) optoelectronic interfacing. Additional systems controlled dome rotation, thermal equalization, and a variable frequency oscillator for guiding and tracking stellar objects, plus the telescope was upgraded for computer control and slow motion in both right ascension and declination.

Science Library
The finished observatory included one of the finest scientific and astronomical libraries in the entire state, with rows 40-feet long and thousands of books from floor to ceiling. Many books were procured from a local library that closed. Also many university level books were contributed. Sections were included for astronomy, astrophotography, photography, chemistry, rocketry, space exploration, physics, optics, space time relativity, history, economics, music, robots, electronics, construction, carpentry, electrical wiring, plumbing, aviation, art, design, engineering, crafts & lore, materials, gardening, software, programming, artificial intelligence, SWL, ham radio, thermodynamics, atomic & nuclear, statistics, mathematics up to differential equations, and computers. It also include the first 35 stories written by the author for publication.

The observatory details, observations,  etc. were written up and published in newspapers, carried nationally by News AP Wirephoto, news journals, books, Observatory Techniques Magazine, Sky & Telescope and other astro publications.

A large laboratory equipment bench had sections for robotics, cybernetics, computers, software programming, optics, droid construction, image processing, and inventions. It had a vast network of storage to hold computer drives and various observatory equipment.

Room Construction
Upgraded microcomputer in the observatory
Everything was deluxe. The extra wide oak colonial post stairway led up to the observatory hallway where picture frames were lined up on the wall, of great scientists and the best photos from the observatory telescopes. On cold days,  heat was from a triple insulated air tight wood stove and electric heat panels. To the side was corded firewood, axe split outside the backyard. In summer an air conditioner cooled the area. Included were a humidifier and dehumidifier. Oakwood-walled rooms were carpeted throughout. A short stairway led to the dome room. R128 and higher insulation was installed and the structural heat and any vibrations were isolated from the telescope for greatest stability. Rooms included the garage, dome room, mirror grinding room and meeting room, photographic darkroom, library, large laboratory (cybernetics, AI, programming, electronics, image processing, computing, inventions), equipment storage room, and the staircase room.

Special Garage
The 2.5X garage was reinforced to support the weight of the entire observatory complex with a custom forged beam of multiple sandwiched massive wood lengths with layered steel plate running the entire length of the garage. It led to two vertical posts sunk into poured concrete footings four feet deep. To provide weather and temperature separation, the garage was fully insulated and sheet-rocked. Built with extra-large service doors, the car was kept outside, and half the garage was used for constructing the large 40-inch telescope. The garage was heated by propane and was instrumental in dome construction during cold winter months.

Observatory with a Voice
The observatory could talk and recognize speech. Experiments were conducted with chips that included VOTRAX, RS, and the SPO256. By giving it commands, the dome could rotate to match observing the stars and celestial objects. There was AI behind the voice, which at times on the main floor would suddenly start talking out loud to itself. One time, it was startling to think a stranger was lurking somewhere upstairs in the observatory, but it was only the AI that auto-reset and  started talking to itself!

The telescope was the first high tech GOTO system that could find celestial objects using a telescope axis drive, variable frequency oscillator, encoders, software and a computer. Adjustments were made during astro imaging using both R.A. and Dec. slow motion controls. The system was implemented on planets such as Venus, Mars and Jupiter, and could track the Moon using Lunar rate. For deep sky, sidereal rate was highly accurate. Also implemented was a solar rate and an adjustable rate for comets, satellites and asteroids.

A variety of custom astro imaging cameras were used, including CCTV, SLR, super cooled homebuilt dry ice camera, a virtual cooling CCD, and ST-4 Peltier cooled imager and guider.

The 1st Microcomputer
A microcomputer designed and built by the author was used extensively at the observatory. This was created before any microcomputers were on the market. The computer was built around the RCACDP1802MPU chip and was upgraded to run Tom Pittman Tiny BASIC in 4K. To have more power, it was expanded with more memory, an ASCII keyboard, tape recording and loading machine, extended power supply, meter, TV monitor made with a 5" SONY portable TV, and RF Video Modulator. The author lectured at universities regarding the design of his first new microcomputer and was published in several computer magazines.

Cybernetics Lab - Robot Droid - Cyber Space Telescope
Many inventions came from the Observatory Cybernetics Lab. The author built a mobile AI robot droid based on the Z80 chip to assist observatory operations by providing the correct observing oculars, speaking timing routines for astro imaging in total darkness, and keeping track of technical information for observing, dome rotation, and special astro missions. The robot was taken to Albuquerque NM at the World's 1st Personal Robotic Conference (IPRC) where it received the red ribbon. Other inventions included a robotics hand, machine video image processor, AI creations, and robot telescopes. This led to the world's first Cyber Space Robotic Telescope where people from across the world could dial up the telescope by internet and take photos of sky M-objects and selected objects using a choice of CCD cameras. It included star maps and an online data accessible astro computer.

Thermodynamic Equalizer TE
The TE was an electronic machine invented and constructed by the author. Using thermoelectric sensors and comparator circuits, it equalized the temperature of indoors and outdoors to keep the telescope and dome room at thermal equilibrium resulting in the finest performances.

VIP Video Image Processor
A six-foot-long machine was invented that could take negatives and convert to digital images and do computer color image processing. The red machine was built from plywood, an enlarger lens, a homemade servo, screw focus assembly, and a microcomputer with special interface. This machine helped discover radial spokes in the colorful rings around planet Saturn and was one of the first computer image processing systems applied to astronomical imaging.

Guest Visitors
The observatory had many guest visitors. Some were visiting astronomers from across the world, and others were visiting schools. Perhaps the most valued and cherished visit was from the Great Grandmother, who somehow made it up the two flights of steps to see the observatory and telescope in operation. She is quoted as saying, "I have seen the future!"

Discoveries & Inventions
The observatory helped to make thousands of inventions and important discoveries. This is the short list.
* Found new star in M27, helped position the HST Hubble Space Telescope
* New Comet understanding of formation and evolution
* New Cometary graphics
* New astrophotographic techniques
* New maps - discovered and tracked Mars dust storms
* Discovered radial spokes within the rings of Saturn
* Discovered Virtual CCD cooling
* Discovered new imaging techniques
* Discovered new ways to build large telescopes
* New optical experiments
* Invented anti-light device
* Cyber Space Robotic Telescope
* Special "figuring the primary objective during observing" method
* Discovered telescope Amping & implemented their new systems
* Discovered how to reduce EFL by electronic techniques

History, Demise
The observatory was extremely successful and active up until the time someone tore down the observatory and crushed the dome. At the same time, another person took a hammer to the 40-inch telescope glass, thus destroying the 1.2 million dollar telescope. Only the 28,000 pound steel/concrete pier remains to this day, an immovable monument to the observatory history.

Nearly 2 decades transpired. Suddenly the timing was right to "take back the observatory" so to speak. At the Pacific Ocean Volcanic Archipelagos, a replacement futuristic new observatory was born, literally hundreds of thousands of times more powerful than the original, and ultimately equipped with the largest and most powerful amped telescopes in the world.